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ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) - Special issue on user interface software, Volume 5 Issue 4, Oct. 1986

A specification language for direct-manipulation user interfaces
Robert J. K. Jacob
Pages: 283-317
DOI: 10.1145/27623.27624
A direct-manipulation user interface presents a set of visual representations on a display and a repertoire of manipulations that can be performed on any of them. Such representations might include screen buttons, scroll bars, spreadsheet cells,...

MIKE: the menu interaction kontrol environment
Dan R. Olsen, Jr.
Pages: 318-344
DOI: 10.1145/27623.28868
A User Interface Management System (UIMS) called MIKE that does not use the syntactic specifications found in most UIMSs is described. Instead, MIKE provides a default syntax that is automatically generated from the definition of the semantic...

Constraint-based tools for building user interfaces
Alan Borning, Robert Duisberg
Pages: 345-374
DOI: 10.1145/27623.29354
A constraint describes a relation that must be maintained. Constraints provide a useful mechanism to aid in the construction of interactive graphical user interfaces. They can be used to maintain consistency between data and a view of the data,...